Module B1: Exploring Household Survey Data for EFA Monitoring

4. Exercises and further studies

4.1 Self-evaluation

    • Do you now understand why household survey data are essential in EFA monitoring and evaluation?  Very well / Somewhat well / Not so much / Almost None
    • Do you know which common household surveys are conducted in your country?
      Very well / Somewhat well / Not so much / None
  • Do you agree that the selected questions in three common household surveys are directly or indirectly useful in monitoring access, quality and management of education, and in understanding the factors?                Strongly agree / Agree / Not so much / Disagree
  • Will you be able to explain the do’s and don’ts in analyzing data from household surveys to someone who wants to analyse survey data?
    Very well / Somewhat well / Not so much / Almost None
  • Are you confident that you could use a household survey questionnaire and extract and analyze key data which are useful to supplement the regular school data collection system for EFA monitoring and evaluation?
    Confident / Somewhat confident / Not so much / Not at all


4.2 Exercises

i)  When was the last population census conducted in your country?

  1. Get the census report or tables which may be useful for EFA monitoring.
  2. Explain the pros and cons for using data from census report(s) for EFA monitoring.
  3. Get the census questionnaire and extract the items on education and related to education.
  4. Is it possible to get raw data on education and related fields from Census Department? Why?

ii)  What is the most recent household survey conducted in your region (or country) and describe the followings briefly?

  1. When was it conducted?
  2. Which sampling method was applied?
  3. What was the sample size?
  4. Explain briefly about the survey findings on education and literacy provided in the report.
  5. Is data file (dataset) from that household survey available for you?

iii)  Connect to internet and find out the MICS website on your country, then,

  1. Collect the questionnaire set for the most recent MICS survey in your country (or in a neighbouring country).
  2. Download datasets in SPSS format from the most recent MICS survey for your country (or for a neighbouring country).
  3. Study the variables, and compile a list of variables that you think are useful for constructing education indicators, especially for EFA monitoring.

iv)  From the DHS website, find out a recent report (if possible for your country) and prepare an abstract which is useful for education planners.

v)  If you have a chance to discuss, what do you want to add to or delete from LSMS survey questionnaire, and why?

vi)  From the DHS website, find a recent report (if possible for your country) and prepare an abstract of information that is useful for education planners.

vii)  If you had the opportunity, what would you add to or delete from LSMS survey questionnaire, and why?

4.3 Further Studies

Common household surveys used in this Module:

-     MEASURE DHS (Demographic and Health Surveys):Quality information to plan and improve population, health, and nutrition program:

-     USAID’s DHS EdData Activity website:

-     UNICEF. Childinfo: Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey):

-     World Bank. Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS): WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/EXTLSMS/0,,menuPK:3359053~ pagePK:64168427~piPK:64168435~theSitePK:3358997,00.html

-     International Labour Organization, Labour Force Survey -
Home:  and

Sources for reference materials and household surveys:

-     UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS)
(a)   Guide to the Analysis and Use of Household Survey and Census Education Data (2004):
(b)   Measuring Educational Participation: Analysis of Data Quality and Methodology Based on                   Ten Studies (2010):

-     United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2008. Principles and Recommendations for Population and Hosing Census Revision 2:

-     United Nations Population Funds. Collection and using data: population and housing data:

-     Other organizations with links to education data sources

Country case studies

-     Nepal Living Standards Survey2002/03: Resources/3358986-1181743055198/3877319-1181925143929/nlss2_urban.pdf

-     General Population Census of Cambodia 2008: EnumeratorManual.pdf(questionnaire on p.65)

-     Vietnam 2009 Population and Housing Census:

-     2005 Population and Housing Census of Korea:

-     NepalLFS-2007/08 Report:

Pakistan LFS-2008/09 Report: lfs2008_09.html

-     List of National Statistical Offices (NSO):

Sampling Techniques










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